What is the consequence of Stress?
Often we are told not to take the stress. It’s harmful and so many things, but we don’t believe thinking that it can’t affect us. But today we are going to discuss what are the consequences of stress.
The High Cost of Stress
Stress can produce both biological and psychological consequences. Often the most immediate stress reaction is biological. Exposure to stressors generates a rise in hormone secretions by the adrenal glands. An increase in heart rate and blood pressure, and changes in how well the skin conducts electrical impulses. On a short-term basis, these responses may be adaptive because they produce an “emergency reaction” in which the body prepares to defend itself through activation of the sympathetic nervous system. Those responses may allow more effective coping with a stressful situation (Akil & Morano, 1996; McEwen, 1998). However, continued exposure to stress results in a decline in the body’s overall level of biological functioning because of the constant secretion of stress-related hormones. Over time, stressful reactions can promote deterioration of body tissues such as blood vessels and the heart.
Ultimately, we become more susceptible to disease as our ability to fight off infection is lowered (Brydon et al., 2004; Dean Borenstein, 2007; Ellins et al., 2008). Furthermore, an entire class of physical problems known as psychophysiological often result from or are worsened by stress. Once referred to as psychosomatic disorders (a term dropped because people assumed that the disorders were somehow unreal), psychophysiological disorders are actually medical problems that are influenced by an interaction of psychological, emotional, and physical difficulties. The more common psychophysiological disorders range from major problems, such as high blood pressure, to usually less serious conditions, such as headaches, backaches, skin rashes, indigestion, fatigue, and constipation.
Stress has even been linked to the common cold (Cohenet al., 2003; Andrasik, 2006).On a psychological level, high levels of stress prevent people from adequately coping with life. Their view of the environment can become clouded. For example, minor criticism made by a friend is blown out of proportion. Moreover, at the highest levels of stress, emotional responses may be so extreme that people are unable to act at all. People under a lot of stress also become less able to deal with new stressors. In short, stress affects us in multiple ways. It may increase the risk that we will become ill. It may directly cause illness, it may make us less able to recover from a disease, and it may reduce our ability to cope with future stress.